Charles Christopher "Bird" Parker, Jr (29th August 1920 – 12th March 1955) was an American bebop
saxophonist and composer. Early in his career Parker was dubbed Yardbird; this was later shortened to 'Bird' (or sometimes 'Yard') and remained Parker's nickname for the rest of his life and inspiration for the titles of his works such as "Ornithology
and Yardbird Suite
". Parker is commonly considered the greatest bebop jazz musician.