Joseph-Maurice Ravel (7th March 1875–28th December 1937) was a French composer and pianist. His piano
music, chamber music
, and orchestral
works have become staples in the repertoire. Ravel's piano compositions, such as Miroirs and Gaspard de la nuit are virtuosic, and his orchestrations, such as Daphnis et Chloé and his orchestral arrangement of Модест Петрович Мусоргский
's Pictures at an Exhibition, are notable for the effective use of tonal color and variety of sound and instrumentation.